1. General information
Establishment and operation of educational institutions, both state and private, is monitored by the Ministry of Education and competent authorities. There are both public and private universities in Azerbaijan.Every year, a number of agreements and notes are signed to cooperate between local and foreign higher education institutions.Any educational institution should receive a special permit (license) from the respective executive authority (Ministry of Economics) under the established legislation in order to provide educational activities. State educational institutions are issued special permanent permits (license). Private educational institutions founded by the individuals and legal entities of the Republic of Azerbaijan are issued special permits (license) for a 5-year period.
2.The structure of the Higher Education system
In the Republic of Azerbaijan, access to higher education is open to every person who finishes secondary education level of general school. Azerbaijan started the reform of its higher education system by joining the Bologna Process in 2005, followed by the adoption of the new Law on Education in 2009. This law formally introduced the European Credit Transfer System, three-cycle system of study and diploma supplement. As a result, from the academic year 2009/2010, all newly admitted students have studied under the reformed study programmes at all higher education institutions.
Higher education is divided into three levels: First level (Bachelor Studies), Second level (Master Studies), and the Third level (PhD Studies). Higher education in Azerbaijan is provided at universities/institutes/academies/conservatoires.
Higher education institutions organize and implement study programmes within an academic year commencing, as a rule, on 15th of September and lasting for 12 calendar months.
An academic year might be divided into:
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